1910 Federal Census Wildorado Texas

The Federal government has taken a census every 10 years since 1790.  The Constitution provided for a census to be taken to determine apportionment of representation in the House of Representatives.  It’s used by the government for various statistical purposes such as taxation or estimation of potential military strength.
census entry 042110By 1910 the census also tells us length of present marriage, how many children a mother has had, and how many are living, birthplace, birthplace of parents, citizenship status, occupation, number of weeks unemployed in 1909, and if a person is a veteran of the Civil War.  Residency was based as of 15 April 1910.  If a child was born after that date, it would not be included in this census.
The census taker went from house to house and information about the people in that household was given by whomever was present and may or may not be correct.

1910 census wildorado ATCa

Amos Claycomb was visited by the census man on 21 April 1910 – this was the first time he was listed as head of household.  It also shows him as a male, white, 24 years old, and single.  His birthplace is listed as Illinois as it is also for his parents.

The Homer Russell family is listed just after Amos’ entry.  Homer P. Russell is a male, white, 28 years old, is married and has been married one time for 3 years.  He was born in Ohio, as was his father.  His mother was born in English-speaking Canada.  Homer’s wife, Goldy P. Russell,  is shown as female, white, 26 years old, is married, has been married one time  for three years.  Goldy also has had one child and it is living.  She and both her parents were born in Ohio.  Hariet E. Russell, daughter of Russell (we can assume also of Goldy, but that is not stated – relationships are given to the head of household only), female, white, one year old and still single.  Hariet was born in Texas, and both her parents were born in Ohio.  Also living with the Russells is Homer’s sister, Sarah S. Barger, female, white, age 46 and widowed.  She was born in Ohio, as was her father.  Her mother (same as Homer’s probably) was born in English-speaking Canada.

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There are columns for citizenship: date of immigration and citizenship status.  On this specific page, none of these columns was completed.

The next column indicates the language spoken in our highlighted families – English for all of them.  It states the trade or occupation.  Amos is a farmer on a ‘general farm’ and an employer, Homer is a farm laborer and a worker (as opposed to an owner).  Sarah, the sister, is shown to have her own income.  Homer’s wife and child have no occupation.  I’m thinking Goldy was a pretty hard worker for not having an occupation!  The census asked if Homer was out of work on 15 April 1910 and how many weeks out of work in 1909 and he said no and none.

The next question are whether one can read, write and has attended school since 1 September 1909.  Both Amos and Homer have ‘yes’ for all.  Goldy and Sarah can read and write, but have not recently attended school.  The next columns refer to the farm, so only Amos replies:  he owns his farm, it is not mortgaged (although he has to pay his father back!), it’s a farm (as opposed to just a house), it’s listed on Agricultural Schedule 21.  The remaining questions are regarding Civil War veterans, if a person is blind, or if a person is deaf and dumb.  These are blank on this page.  There are odd check marks left by the person using the census forms to tally.

Census records can be a gold mine for genealogists.  I’m not even working on Homer Russell’s family, but this census gives quite a feeling for his family.  In both households highlighted I would guess that Amos gave his own information and Homer or Goldy gave theirs.  Amos’ is correct and I would think that the Russells information is accurate.  Just remember that we don’t know who gave the information (it could be a neighbor) and cannot be sure of its accuracy.

Amos Claycomb’s April 1910 Diary

Friday, April 1, 1910
Worked on fence all day.

Saturday, April 2, 1910
Finished moving fence over to the line this forenoon.  Worked on cyclone cellar this p.m.

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Sunday, April 3, 1910
Staid around the house all day.

Monday, April 4, 1910
Snow storm all the morning and part of the p.m.  Homer took cow over to Richards’ this p.m.  I rode the pony up town after the mail.

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Tuesday, April 5, 1910
Took buggy up town today and had the tires shrunk.

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Wednesday,  April 6, 1910
Drove into Amarillo this a.m. with the pony in 2 1/4 hours.  Went out to the auto races this p.m. and played billiards for a while tonight.  Homer harrowed on steam plowing all day.

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Thursday,  April 7, 1910
Drove home this morning with repaired flange for plow.  Tried to run plow to barn this p.m. but broke the transmission.

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Friday, April 8, 1910
Had steam outfit haul plow to barn this a.m.  Built fence this p.m.

1910 horse in front of shop

One of Amos Claycomb’s photographs of either Wildorado or Amarillo, Texas.

Saturday, April 9, 1910
Rained most of this forenoon.  Had Homer drive up town after some lumber, etc this p.m.

Sunday, April 10, 1910
Rode pony over to Bush this p.m.

Monday, April 11, 1910
Homer harrowed on steam plowing all day.  I worked on the cyclone cellar part of the time.

Tuesday, April 12, 1910
Rained part of the afternoon.

Wednesday, April 13, 1910
Hard rain all of last night with quite a little hail.  Drove the pony to Amarillo this p.m.  Staid with Dr. Hanson tonight.

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Thursday, April 14, 1910
Drove back home this forenoon.  Poisoned prairie dogs with Homer all the p.m.  Killed one rattler with 7 rattles and a button.

Friday, April 15, 1910
Norther with rain and snow today which kept us in the house most of the time.

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Saturday, April 16, 1910
Drove over to Bush this p.m. and ate supper with a party from Amarillo at the Bush’s.  After supper we went over to Harker’s and danced.  Staid all night at Harker’s.

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Sunday, April 17, 1910
Party – Bushs, Harkers, Russells, Miss Becktill, and Armstrong went over to the Frying Pan ranch for dinner and got back about seven o’clock.

Monday, April 18, 1910
Homer and I worked on cellar all day and about finished the frame-work.

Tuesday, April 19, 1910
Drove pony into town this p.m. and took Harker from Bush.  Staid with him at the Amarillo hotel tonight.

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Wednesday, April 20, 1910
Staid in Amarillo all day, looking over seed which I am going to use. Went up to Eagle dance for a short time tonight.  Staid with Dr. Hanson.

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census entry 042110Thursday, April 21, 1910
Drove home this forenoon.  Strong norther blowing all day so bad that we did not work this p.m..  Census man came today.

1910 census wildorado ATC

[I’ll expand this image in a future post.]
Friday, April 22, 1910
Drove team up town after my seed this forenoon.  Homer dragged on steam plowing this p.m.

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Saturday, April 23, 1910
Started planting today and put in about eight acres of Indian corn this a.m.  After dinner Homer and I went over to Richards’ after a load of maize.

kk_revolutionSunday, April 24, 1910
Staid home all day and read.

Monday, April 25, 1910
Started to plant kaffir corn today.

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Tuesday, April 26, 1910
Homer planted kaffir corn all day.

Wednesday, April 27, 1910
Homer planted kaffir this forenoon.  After dinner we all went to Wildorado to see the town lot auction.

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Thursday, April 28, 1910
I planted kaffir corn this a.m. while Homer was repairing a gasoline pump belonging to Nicholson.  Homer planted this p.m. while I shelled some maize from the heads.  Very warm today with strong south winds.

Friday, April 29, 1910
Homer planted kaffir corn all day.  I cleaned seed most of the time.

Saturday, April 30, 1910
Ditto as yesterday.